India Poised to lead the Space Race in the Years to Come.
Not too long ago, June 20, 2016, to be exact, India launched a record-breaking 22 satellites into different orbits on its first attempt. These satellites belonged to various countries such as India, USA, Canada, and Germany. And just a couple weeks ago, India launched a record-shattering 104 satellites in one go breaking the previous record held by Russia. So far, India has launched a staggering 183 satellites in total.
The business of putting satellites into space is surging as phone companies, Internet providers, airlines and even carmakers seek bandwidth for communications. – Bloomberg
India’s ability to launch multiple satellites in one go has garnered the attention of many countries and has established its foot in the space ecosystem.
To add to India’s Satellites success stories, India also launched its fist Mars Orbiter Mission(MOM) spacecraft named “Mangalyaan” meaning “Mars Craft” in Sanskrit on its very first attempt without any issues and with a $73 million production budget, it was cheaper to launch than the entire production budget of the Hollywood film ‘Gravity’ which cost $100 million.
Just recently, India’s MOM-1 completed its first mission and now the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is seeking proposals for a Mars Orbiter Mission 2 (MOM-2). The MOM-2 will be fitted with a lander and a rover in addition to the orbiter.
This is a great time for India’s space journey and its ability to lead the space race.
Check out MOM-1 excellent pictures from Mars via ISRO:
The Indian Space Research Organisation is the space agency of the Government of Republic of India headquartered in the city of Bengaluru. Its vision is to “harness space technology for national development” while pursuing space science research and planetary exploration.
Formed in 1969, ISRO superseded the erstwhile Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) established in 1962 by the efforts of independent India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, and his close aide and scientist Vikram Sarabhai. The establishment of ISRO thus institutionalized space activities in India. It is managed by the Department of Space, which reports to the Prime Minister of The Republic of India.
ISRO built India’s first satellite, Aryabhata, which was launched by the Soviet Union on 19 April 1975. In 1980, Rohini became the first satellite to be placed in orbit by an Indian-made launch vehicle, SLV-3. ISRO subsequently developed two other rockets: the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) for launching satellites into polar orbits and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) for placing satellites into geostationary orbits. These rockets have launched numerous communications satellites and earth observation satellites. Satellite navigation systems like GAGAN and IRNSS have been deployed. In January 2014, ISRO successfully used an indigenous cryogenic engine in a GSLV-D5 launch of the GSAT-14.
ISRO sent one lunar orbiter, Chandrayaan-1, on 22 October 2008 and one Mars orbiter, Mars Orbiter Mission, which successfully entered Mars orbit on 24 September 2014, making India the first nation to succeed on its first attempt, and ISRO the fourth space agency in the world as well as the first space agency in Asia to successfully reach Mars orbit. Future plans include the development of GSLV Mk III,(for the launch of heavier satellites), ULV, development of a reusable launch vehicle, human spaceflight, further lunar exploration, interplanetary probes, a solar spacecraft mission, etc. On 18 June 2016 ISRO successfully set a record with the launch of 20 satellites in a single payload, one being a satellite from Google.